THE DIVERGENT PERSPECTIVES OF «INTIMATE» ENEMIES: MARXIAN HISTORY AND STIRNERIAN EGOISM

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Marx’ critique of Stirner in The German Ideology was a means of distinguishing himself from what was, in his eyes, the impotent Left Hegelian movement. For Marx, alienation was no longer a spiritual phenomenon, but the objective forms of man’s economic products, the separation of man from his production. Nevertheless, Marx’ position can be interpreted as a relapse into Left Hegelianism:

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STIRNER CONTRA MARX: MORALITY, SOCIETY AND LIBERTY-II

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Marx’ communist vision would still require the individual to conform to a pattern of behaviour, though not through traditional morals, but through collective obligation. Stirner’s critique of Feuerbach and Proudhon had already shown that socialist morality was full of superstitions, just as much as the Apostles’ creed. Julius’ article in the second volume of Wigands Vierteljahrschrift  attacked the essentially Feuerbachian character of Marx’ «practical humanism», which Julius considered «religious alienation» – clearly inspired by Stirner’s perception of socialism.

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STIRNER’S CONTEXT

SELF-OVERCOMING OF NIHILISM-

 

 

 

 

 

While Dostoevsky and Nietzsche must be acknowledged as the thinkers who plumbed the depths of nihilism most deeply, we can see the outlines of nihilism-though not fully developed as suchin an earlier work published by Max Stirner in 1844, The Ego and His Own ,Thanks to the revival of interest in Stirner’s work by J. H . Mackay (Max Stirner, Sein Leben und Sein Werk, 1897), attention has been drawn to various similarities between Stirner’s ideas and those of Nietzsche. It is almost certain that Nietzsche did not read Stirner’s work.

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