THE PHILOSOPHY OF EGOISM XI

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The suggestion has been heard that if all acts are Egoistic this term has no distinctive meaning.

The same thing has often been said as to “matter” when the Materialist has affirmed that there is no ” spirit, “-no opp osi te of matter. Matter then becomes synonymous simply with existence.

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LES FANTÔMES

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Cette révolte de l’individu [contre l’Idéal élevé en tant que sacré, le culte moderne de l’Esprit et de l’Homme NdIL] est difficile, parce qu’elle a surtout à vaincre des fantômes : ceux que l’esprit humain a créés, ceux que les divers pouvoirs proposent à chacun pour mieux le contrôler.

Stirner aboutit à ce paradoxe que l’individu est asservi de manière très rigide par des idées et des êtres inconsistants. Telle la prison d’air de Merlin, des barreaux l’entourent qu’il ne peut franchir, mais qui se multiplient et restreignent son espace vital, son pouvoir.

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ARCHISTS-ANARCHISTS AND EGOISTS

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“I am an anarchist! Wherefore I will not rule

And also ruled I will not be.”

    — John Henry Mackay

 ”What I get by force I get by force, and what

I do not get by force I have no right to.”

  — Max Stirner

In his book Max Stirner’s Egoism John P. Clark claims that Stirner is an anarchist, but that his anarchism is “greatly inadequate”. This is because “he opposes domination of the ego by the State, but he advises people to seek to dominate others in any other way they can manage…Stirner, for all his opposition to the State…still exalts the will to dominate.”

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THE DIVERGENT PERSPECTIVES OF «INTIMATE» ENEMIES: MARXIAN HISTORY AND STIRNERIAN EGOISM

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Marx’ critique of Stirner in The German Ideology was a means of distinguishing himself from what was, in his eyes, the impotent Left Hegelian movement. For Marx, alienation was no longer a spiritual phenomenon, but the objective forms of man’s economic products, the separation of man from his production. Nevertheless, Marx’ position can be interpreted as a relapse into Left Hegelianism:

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STIRNER CONTRA MARX: MORALITY, SOCIETY AND LIBERTY-II

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Marx’ communist vision would still require the individual to conform to a pattern of behaviour, though not through traditional morals, but through collective obligation. Stirner’s critique of Feuerbach and Proudhon had already shown that socialist morality was full of superstitions, just as much as the Apostles’ creed. Julius’ article in the second volume of Wigands Vierteljahrschrift  attacked the essentially Feuerbachian character of Marx’ «practical humanism», which Julius considered «religious alienation» – clearly inspired by Stirner’s perception of socialism.

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EL YO-SIN FE NI LEY

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Nihilista a quien no tan sólo afirma no tener ni dios ni amo, sino que se consagra a la destrucción de todos los sistemas sociales que según presume aniquilan al individuo, y ello fundando su acción en la constatación de que toda la existencia humana está cercenada por el no ser, la nada, Max Stirner, filósofo del individualismo anarquista, merece entonces tal calificación aunque nunca la hubiese reclamado.

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